A banker, Castro, formally identified the writing as that of Esterhazy, who was his debtor, and told Mathieu. All the official records are readily available including reports of all public hearings of the many trials in the Affair. Rennes was in a state of siege. It denounced all those who had conspired against Dreyfus, including the minister of war and the General Staff. This judicial conclusion also had an unfortunate consequence for the relationship between the Dreyfus family and the branch of ultra dreyfusists. Some of these forgeries even referenced the real affair between the two officers; in one, Alessandro supposedly informed his lover that if “Dreyfus is brought in for questioning”, they must both claim that they “never had any dealings with that Jew. The E-mail Address es field is required.

He was surprised to learn that all the documents on which the prosecution was based had not been expertly appraised and that Boisdeffre had “absolute confidence” in Henry. The obstinacy of the Government, who voted to revert to the Supreme Court on 26 September , led to the resignation of Zurlinden who was soon replaced by General Chanoine. On 28 February , Waldeck-Rousseau spoke to the Senate on the floor and denounced “moral conspiracy” within the government and in the street. This article’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines. These newspapers stated the most extravagant facts and constantly falsified the truth in order to convince public opinion. Dreyfus was therefore “the probable author” of the bordereau in the eyes of the General Staff.

dissertation zola dans laffaire dreyfus

To discredit Picquart, Esterhazy sent, without effect, letters of complaint to the president of the republic. In an apostrophe for the army, Galliffet announced: The anti-revisionists did not consider themselves beaten. The Dreyfus saga was the first legal ordeal to trigger a media feeding frenzy, and to view “J’accuse!


A specialist in criminal law, he was recognized by his peers and elected member of the Council of the Bar from to Danns Zurlinden who succeeded him and was influenced by the General Staff, delivered a negative opinion at the review on 10 September comforting the extremist press by saying that, “a review means war”. Fernand LaboriZola’s lawyer, intended to call about witnesses. It was dreyfuw hub of the intellectual left and extremely active at the beginning of the century, the conscience of the humanist left.

dissertation zola dans laffaire dreyfus

He asked him to act in the spirit of the revised judgment of the Supreme Court. Antisemitic riots erupted in more than twenty French cities and there were several deaths in Algiers. These two opposing sides both used the media to turn public opinion to their favour, and in the space of weeks the press had become the predominant arm used.

The New York Times. In addition, a large number of records are easily accessible in the French National Archives and in the Military Archives at the fort of Vincennes. The Military judges were not familiar with the law or criminal proceedings. Witnesses report the dignity of Dreyfus, who continued to maintain his innocence while raising his arms: The doubts of the General Staff regarding the innocence of Dreyfus flew out the window.

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This lack laffakre consent allowed the General Staff to contest openly the quality of the evidence and to go hard on Picquart to discredit him. It stated that confidential French military documents regarding the newly developed calibre artillery piece [22] were about to be sent to a foreign power. Why is Esterhazy, a character of depravity and more than doubtful morals, protected while the accused is not?


Detailed discussions on the bordereau showed that Captain Dreyfus could not be the author. On 11 Novemberthe two paths of investigation met during a meeting between Scheurer-Kestner and Mathieu Dreyfus.

Le procès Zola dans l’affaire Dreyfus (Book, ) []

On 22 Decemberafter several hours of deliberation, the verdict was reached. During its later stages, the affair worsened the political situation and created two distinct sides, two Frances.

Henry was dead, Boisdeffre had resigned, Gonse had no more authority, and du Paty had been severely compromised by Esterhazy: To condemn Dreyfus, the writing on the bordereau had to be compared to that of the Captain. On the appearance of Dreyfus, emotions ran high.

Dissertation Zola Dans Laffaire Dreyfus

The defence needed to make a decision because the dreyyfus of the case looked bad, despite evidence of the absence of charges against the accused. The closed court allowed the military to still not disclose the emptiness of their evidence to the public and to stifle debate. The period was also marked by an arms race that primarily affected artillery.

But what most did not understand was that the government caused their despair. Retrieved 17 Rissertation Dreyfus was reinstated in the army with the rank of artillery major by law on 13 July